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LAMP instalowany z automatu


strike
21-04-2014, 14:00
LAMP instalowany automatycznie to bardzo fajne rozwiązanie dla klientów którzy nie są zawodowymi administratorami ale wiedzą czego chcą. Uruchomiłem właśnie pierwszy VPS w takiej konfiguracji ale widzę że jest to konfiguracja bardzo uniwersalna, oprócz LAMP na Debianie jest tam od razu perl, python, postfix, ftp, curl, cron, openssl czy nawet nano i vim.
Mam więc takie pytanie do bardziej doświadczonych administratorów, co jeszcze znaleźliście w tej wersji OS bo nie mogę nigdzie znaleźć jakiejś dokumentacji a słabo orientuje się w pakietach Debiana. Może macie też uwagi na temat domyślnej konfiguracji bo np ja zauważyłem że trzeba zmienić port SSH oraz hasła ponieważ są dość krótkie.

Dla ciekawych zamieszczam listę pakietów:
Kod:
||/ Nazwa          Wersja       Architektura Opis
+++-==============-============-============-=================================
ii  adduser        3.113+nmu3   all          add and remove users and groups
ii  apache2        2.2.22-13+de amd64        Apache HTTP Server metapackage
ii  apache2-mpm-pr 2.2.22-13+de amd64        Apache HTTP Server - traditional 
ii  apache2-utils  2.2.22-13+de amd64        utility programs for webservers
ii  apache2.2-bin  2.2.22-13+de amd64        Apache HTTP Server common binary 
ii  apache2.2-comm 2.2.22-13+de amd64        Apache HTTP Server common files
ii  apg            2.2.3.dfsg.1 amd64        Automated Password Generator - St
ii  apt            0.9.7.9+deb7 amd64        commandline package manager
ii  apt-utils      0.9.7.9+deb7 amd64        package managment related utility
ii  aptitude       0.6.8.2-1    amd64        terminal-based package manager
ii  aptitude-commo 0.6.8.2-1    all          architecture indepedent files for
ii  base-files     7.1wheezy4   amd64        Debian base system miscellaneous 
ii  base-passwd    3.5.26       amd64        Debian base system master passwor
ii  bash           4.2+dfsg-0.1 amd64        GNU Bourne Again SHell
ii  bind9          1:9.8.4.dfsg amd64        Internet Domain Name Server
ii  bind9-host     1:9.8.4.dfsg amd64        Version of 'host' bundled with BI
ii  bind9utils     1:9.8.4.dfsg amd64        Utilities for BIND
ii  bsdmainutils   9.0.3        amd64        collection of more utilities from
ii  bsdutils       1:2.20.1-5.3 amd64        Basic utilities from 4.4BSD-Lite
ii  ca-certificate 20130119     all          Common CA certificates
ii  coreutils      8.13-3.5     amd64        GNU core utilities
ii  cpio           2.11+dfsg-0. amd64        GNU cpio -- a program to manage a
ii  cron           3.0pl1-124   amd64        process scheduling daemon
ii  curl           7.26.0-1+whe amd64        command line tool for transferrin
ii  dash           0.5.7-3      amd64        POSIX-compliant shell
ii  dbconfig-commo 1.8.47+nmu1  all          common framework for packaging da
ii  debconf        1.5.49       all          Debian configuration management s
ii  debconf-i18n   1.5.49       all          full internationalization support
ii  debian-archive 2012.4       all          GnuPG archive keys of the Debian 
ii  debianutils    4.3.2        amd64        Miscellaneous utilities specific 
ii  diffutils      1:3.2-6      amd64        File comparison utilities
ii  dmidecode      2.11-9       amd64        SMBIOS/DMI table decoder
ii  dnsutils       1:9.8.4.dfsg amd64        Clients provided with BIND
ii  dpkg           1.16.12      amd64        Debian package management system
ii  e2fslibs:amd64 1.42.5-1.1   amd64        ext2/ext3/ext4 file system librar
ii  e2fsprogs      1.42.5-1.1   amd64        ext2/ext3/ext4 file system utilit
ii  file           5.11-2+deb7u amd64        Determines file type using "magic
ii  findutils      4.4.2-4      amd64        utilities for finding files--find
ii  fontconfig-con 2.9.0-7.1    all          generic font configuration librar
ii  gcc-4.7-base:a 4.7.2-5      amd64        GCC, the GNU Compiler Collection 
ii  geoip-database 20130213-1   all          IP lookup command line tools that
ii  gnupg          1.4.12-7+deb amd64        GNU privacy guard - a free PGP re
ii  gpgv           1.4.12-7+deb amd64        GNU privacy guard - signature ver
ii  grep           2.12-2       amd64        GNU grep, egrep and fgrep
ii  groff-base     1.21-9       amd64        GNU troff text-formatting system 
ii  gzip           1.5-1.1      amd64        GNU compression utilities
ii  heirloom-mailx 12.5-2       amd64        feature-rich BSD mail(1)
ii  hostname       3.11         amd64        utility to set/show the host name
ii  ifupdown       0.7.8        amd64        high level tools to configure net
ii  info           4.13a.dfsg.1 amd64        Standalone GNU Info documentation
ii  initscripts    2.88dsf-41+d amd64        scripts for initializing and shut
ii  insserv        1.14.0-5     amd64        boot sequence organizer using LSB
ii  install-info   4.13a.dfsg.1 amd64        Manage installed documentation in
ii  iproute        20120521-3+b amd64        networking and traffic control to
ii  iptables       1.4.14-3.1   amd64        administration tools for packet f
ii  iputils-ping   3:20101006-1 amd64        Tools to test the reachability of
ii  isc-dhcp-clien 4.2.2.dfsg.1 amd64        ISC DHCP client
ii  isc-dhcp-commo 4.2.2.dfsg.1 amd64        common files used by all the isc-
ii  kmod           9-3          amd64        tools for managing Linux kernel m
ii  less           444-4        amd64        pager program similar to more
ii  libacl1:amd64  2.2.51-8     amd64        Access control list shared librar
ii  libaio1:amd64  0.3.109-3    amd64        Linux kernel AIO access library -
ii  libapache2-mod 5.4.4-14+deb amd64        server-side, HTML-embedded script
ii  libapr1        1.4.6-3+deb7 amd64        Apache Portable Runtime Library
ii  libaprutil1    1.4.1-3      amd64        Apache Portable Runtime Utility L
ii  libaprutil1-db 1.4.1-3      amd64        Apache Portable Runtime Utility L
ii  libaprutil1-ld 1.4.1-3      amd64        Apache Portable Runtime Utility L
ii  libapt-inst1.5 0.9.7.9+deb7 amd64        deb package format runtime librar
ii  libapt-pkg4.12 0.9.7.9+deb7 amd64        package managment runtime library
ii  libattr1:amd64 1:2.4.46-8   amd64        Extended attribute shared library
ii  libbind9-80    1:9.8.4.dfsg amd64        BIND9 Shared Library used by BIND
ii  libblkid1:amd6 2.20.1-5.3   amd64        block device id library
ii  libboost-iostr 1.49.0-3.2   amd64        Boost.Iostreams Library
ii  libbsd0:amd64  0.4.2-1      amd64        utility functions from BSD system
ii  libbz2-1.0:amd 1.0.6-4      amd64        high-quality block-sorting file c
ii  libc-bin       2.13-38+deb7 amd64        Embedded GNU C Library: Binaries
ii  libc6:amd64    2.13-38+deb7 amd64        Embedded GNU C Library: Shared li
ii  libcap2:amd64  1:2.22-1.2   amd64        support for getting/setting POSIX
ii  libclass-isa-p 0.36-3       all          report the search path for a clas
ii  libcomerr2:amd 1.42.5-1.1   amd64        common error description library
ii  libcurl3:amd64 7.26.0-1+whe amd64        easy-to-use client-side URL trans
ii  libcwidget3    0.5.16-3.4   amd64        high-level terminal interface lib
ii  libdb5.1:amd64 5.1.29-5     amd64        Berkeley v5.1 Database Libraries 
ii  libdbd-mysql-p 4.021-1+b1   amd64        Perl5 database interface to the M
ii  libdbi-perl    1.622-1      amd64        Perl Database Interface (DBI)
ii  libdbi1        0.8.4-6      amd64        DB Independent Abstraction Layer 
ii  libdns88       1:9.8.4.dfsg amd64        DNS Shared Library used by BIND
ii  libedit2:amd64 2.11-2008061 amd64        BSD editline and history librarie
ii  libept1.4.12   1.0.9        amd64        High-level library for managing D
ii  libevtlog0     0.2.12-5     amd64        Syslog event logger library
ii  libexpat1:amd6 2.1.0-1+deb7 amd64        XML parsing C library - runtime l
ii  libffi5:amd64  3.0.10-3     amd64        Foreign Function Interface librar
ii  libfile-copy-r 0.38-1       all          Perl extension for recursively co
ii  libfontconfig1 2.9.0-7.1    amd64        generic font configuration librar
ii  libfreetype6:a 2.4.9-1.1    amd64        FreeType 2 font engine, shared li
ii  libgcc1:amd64  1:4.7.2-5    amd64        GCC support library
ii  libgcrypt11:am 1.5.0-5+deb7 amd64        LGPL Crypto library - runtime lib
ii  libgd2-xpm:amd 2.0.36~rc1~d amd64        GD Graphics Library version 2
ii  libgdbm3:amd64 1.8.3-11     amd64        GNU dbm database routines (runtim
ii  libgeoip1      1.4.8+dfsg-3 amd64        non-DNS IP-to-country resolver li
ii  libglib2.0-0:a 2.33.12+real amd64        GLib library of C routines
ii  libglib2.0-dat 2.33.12+real all          Common files for GLib library
ii  libgnutls26:am 2.12.20-8+de amd64        GNU TLS library - runtime library
ii  libgpg-error0: 1.10-3.1     amd64        library for common error values a
ii  libgpm2:amd64  1.20.4-6     amd64        General Purpose Mouse - shared li
ii  libgssapi-krb5 1.10.1+dfsg- amd64        MIT Kerberos runtime libraries - 
ii  libhtml-templa 2.91-1       all          module for using HTML templates w
ii  libidn11:amd64 1.25-2       amd64        GNU Libidn library, implementatio
ii  libisc84       1:9.8.4.dfsg amd64        ISC Shared Library used by BIND
ii  libisccc80     1:9.8.4.dfsg amd64        Command Channel Library used by B
ii  libisccfg82    1:9.8.4.dfsg amd64        Config File Handling Library used
ii  libjpeg8:amd64 8d-1         amd64        Independent JPEG Group's JPEG run
ii  libjson0:amd64 0.10-1.2     amd64        JSON manipulation library - share
ii  libk5crypto3:a 1.10.1+dfsg- amd64        MIT Kerberos runtime libraries - 
ii  libkeyutils1:a 1.5.5-3      amd64        Linux Key Management Utilities (l
ii  libkmod2:amd64 9-3          amd64        libkmod shared library
ii  libkrb5-3:amd6 1.10.1+dfsg- amd64        MIT Kerberos runtime libraries
ii  libkrb5support 1.10.1+dfsg- amd64        MIT Kerberos runtime libraries - 
ii  libldap-2.4-2: 2.4.31-1+nmu amd64        OpenLDAP libraries
ii  liblocale-gett 1.05-7+b1    amd64        module using libc functions for i
ii  libltdl7:amd64 2.4.2-1.1    amd64        A system independent dlopen wrapp
ii  liblwres80     1:9.8.4.dfsg amd64        Lightweight Resolver Library used
ii  liblzma5:amd64 5.1.1alpha+2 amd64        XZ-format compression library
ii  libmagic1:amd6 5.11-2+deb7u amd64        File type determination library u
ii  libmcrypt4     2.5.8-3.1    amd64        De-/Encryption Library
ii  libmongo-clien 0.1.5-1+deb7 amd64        Alternate C driver for the MongoD
ii  libmount1      2.20.1-5.3   amd64        block device id library
ii  libmysqlclient 5.5.35+dfsg- amd64        MySQL database client library
ii  libncurses5:am 5.9-10       amd64        shared libraries for terminal han
ii  libncursesw5:a 5.9-10       amd64        shared libraries for terminal han
ii  libnet-daemon- 0.48-1       all          Perl module for building portable
ii  libnet1        1.1.4-2.1    amd64        library for the construction and 
ii  libnewt0.52    0.52.14-11.1 amd64        Not Erik's Windowing Toolkit - te
ii  libnfnetlink0  1.0.0-1.1    amd64        Netfilter netlink library
ii  libonig2       5.9.1-1      amd64        Oniguruma regular expressions lib
ii  libp11-kit0:am 0.12-3       amd64        Library for loading and coordinat
ii  libpam-modules 1.1.3-7.1    amd64        Pluggable Authentication Modules 
ii  libpam-modules 1.1.3-7.1    amd64        Pluggable Authentication Modules 
ii  libpam-runtime 1.1.3-7.1    all          Runtime support for the PAM libra
ii  libpam0g:amd64 1.1.3-7.1    amd64        Pluggable Authentication Modules 
ii  libpcre3:amd64 1:8.30-5     amd64        Perl 5 Compatible Regular Express
ii  libpipeline1:a 1.2.1-1      amd64        pipeline manipulation library
ii  libplrpc-perl  0.2020-2     all          Perl extensions for writing PlRPC
ii  libpng12-0:amd 1.2.49-1     amd64        PNG library - runtime
ii  libpopt0:amd64 1.16-7       amd64        lib for parsing cmdline parameter
ii  libprocps0:amd 1:3.3.3-3    amd64        library for accessing process inf
ii  libqdbm14      1.8.78-2     amd64        QDBM Database Libraries without G
ii  libreadline6:a 6.2+dfsg-0.1 amd64        GNU readline and history librarie
ii  librtmp0:amd64 2.4+20111222 amd64        toolkit for RTMP streams (shared 
ii  libsasl2-2:amd 2.1.25.dfsg1 amd64        Cyrus SASL - authentication abstr
ii  libsasl2-modul 2.1.25.dfsg1 amd64        Cyrus SASL - pluggable authentica
ii  libselinux1:am 2.1.9-5      amd64        SELinux runtime shared libraries
ii  libsemanage-co 2.1.6-6      all          Common files for SELinux policy m
ii  libsemanage1:a 2.1.6-6      amd64        SELinux policy management library
ii  libsepol1:amd6 2.1.4-3      amd64        SELinux library for manipulating 
ii  libsigc++-2.0- 2.2.10-0.2   amd64        type-safe Signal Framework for C+
ii  libslang2:amd6 2.2.4-15     amd64        S-Lang programming library - runt
ii  libsqlite3-0:a 3.7.13-1+deb amd64        SQLite 3 shared library
ii  libss2:amd64   1.42.5-1.1   amd64        command-line interface parsing li
ii  libssh2-1:amd6 1.4.2-1.1    amd64        SSH2 client-side library
ii  libssl1.0.0:am 1.0.1e-2+deb amd64        SSL shared libraries
ii  libstdc++6:amd 4.7.2-5      amd64        GNU Standard C++ Library v3
ii  libswitch-perl 2.16-2       all          switch statement for Perl
ii  libsyslog-ng-3 3.3.5-4      amd64        Next generation system logging da
ii  libsystemd-dae 44-11+deb7u4 amd64        systemd utility library
ii  libtasn1-3:amd 2.13-2       amd64        Manage ASN.1 structures (runtime)
ii  libtext-charwi 0.04-7+b1    amd64        get display widths of characters 
ii  libtext-iconv- 1.7-5        amd64        converts between character sets i
ii  libtext-wrapi1 0.06-7       all          internationalized substitute of T
ii  libtinfo5:amd6 5.9-10       amd64        shared low-level terminfo library
ii  libudev0:amd64 175-7.2      amd64        libudev shared library
ii  libusb-0.1-4:a 2:0.1.12-20+ amd64        userspace USB programming library
ii  libustr-1.0-1: 1.0.4-3      amd64        Micro string library: shared libr
ii  libuuid1:amd64 2.20.1-5.3   amd64        Universally Unique ID library
ii  libwrap0:amd64 7.6.q-24     amd64        Wietse Venema's TCP wrappers libr
ii  libx11-6:amd64 2:1.5.0-1+de amd64        X11 client-side library
ii  libx11-data    2:1.5.0-1+de all          X11 client-side library
ii  libxapian22    1.2.12-2     amd64        Search engine library
ii  libxau6:amd64  1:1.0.7-1    amd64        X11 authorisation library
ii  libxcb1:amd64  1.8.1-2+deb7 amd64        X C Binding
ii  libxdmcp6:amd6 1:1.1.1-1    amd64        X11 Display Manager Control Proto
ii  libxml2:amd64  2.8.0+dfsg1- amd64        GNOME XML library
ii  libxpm4:amd64  1:3.5.10-1   amd64        X11 pixmap library
ii  locales        2.13-38+deb7 all          Embedded GNU C Library: National 
ii  login          1:4.1.5.1-1  amd64        system login tools
ii  logrotate      3.8.1-4      amd64        Log rotation utility
ii  lsb-base       4.1+Debian8+ all          Linux Standard Base 4.1 init scri
ii  man-db         2.6.2-1      amd64        on-line manual pager
ii  manpages       3.44-1       all          Manual pages about using a GNU/Li
ii  mawk           1.3.3-17     amd64        a pattern scanning and text proce
ii  mime-support   3.52-1       all          MIME files 'mime.types' & 'mailca
ii  mount          2.20.1-5.3   amd64        Tools for mounting and manipulati
ii  multiarch-supp 2.13-38+deb7 amd64        Transitional package to ensure mu
ii  mysql-client   5.5.35+dfsg- all          MySQL database client (metapackag
ii  mysql-client-5 5.5.35+dfsg- amd64        MySQL database client binaries
ii  mysql-common   5.5.35+dfsg- all          MySQL database common files, e.g.
ii  mysql-server   5.5.35+dfsg- all          MySQL database server (metapackag
ii  mysql-server-5 5.5.35+dfsg- amd64        MySQL database server binaries an
ii  mysql-server-c 5.5.35+dfsg- amd64        MySQL database server binaries
ii  nano           2.2.6-1+b1   amd64        small, friendly text editor inspi
ii  ncurses-base   5.9-10       all          basic terminal type definitions
ii  ncurses-bin    5.9-10       amd64        terminal-related programs and man
ii  net-tools      1.60-24.2    amd64        The NET-3 networking toolkit
ii  netbase        5.0          all          Basic TCP/IP networking system
ii  netcat-traditi 1.10-40      amd64        TCP/IP swiss army knife
ii  openbsd-inetd  0.20091229-2 amd64        OpenBSD Internet Superserver
ii  openssh-client 1:6.0p1-4+de amd64        secure shell (SSH) client, for se
ii  openssh-server 1:6.0p1-4+de amd64        secure shell (SSH) server, for se
ii  openssl        1.0.1e-2+deb amd64        Secure Socket Layer (SSL) binary 
ii  passwd         1:4.1.5.1-1  amd64        change and administer password an
ii  perl           5.14.2-21+de amd64        Larry Wall's Practical Extraction
ii  perl-base      5.14.2-21+de amd64        minimal Perl system
ii  perl-modules   5.14.2-21+de all          Core Perl modules
ii  php5           5.4.4-14+deb all          server-side, HTML-embedded script
ii  php5-cli       5.4.4-14+deb amd64        command-line interpreter for the 
ii  php5-common    5.4.4-14+deb amd64        Common files for packages built f
ii  php5-gd        5.4.4-14+deb amd64        GD module for php5
ii  php5-mcrypt    5.4.4-14+deb amd64        MCrypt module for php5
ii  php5-mysql     5.4.4-14+deb amd64        MySQL module for php5
ii  phpmyadmin     4:3.4.11.1-2 all          MySQL web administration tool
ii  postfix        2.9.6-2      amd64        High-performance mail transport a
ii  procps         1:3.3.3-3    amd64        /proc file system utilities
ii  psmisc         22.19-1+deb7 amd64        utilities that use the proc file 
ii  pure-ftpd      1.0.36-1.1   amd64        Secure and efficient FTP server
ii  pure-ftpd-comm 1.0.36-1.1   all          Pure-FTPd FTP server (Common File
ii  python         2.7.3-4+deb7 all          interactive high-level object-ori
ii  python-minimal 2.7.3-4+deb7 all          minimal subset of the Python lang
ii  python2.7      2.7.3-6+deb7 amd64        Interactive high-level object-ori
ii  python2.7-mini 2.7.3-6+deb7 amd64        Minimal subset of the Python lang
ii  readline-commo 6.2+dfsg-0.1 all          GNU readline and history librarie
ii  screen         4.1.0~201203 amd64        terminal multiplexer with VT100/A
ii  sed            4.2.1-10     amd64        The GNU sed stream editor
ii  sensible-utils 0.0.7        all          Utilities for sensible alternativ
ii  sgml-base      1.26+nmu4    all          SGML infrastructure and SGML cata
ii  shared-mime-in 1.0-1+b1     amd64        FreeDesktop.org shared MIME datab
ii  ssl-cert       1.0.32       all          simple debconf wrapper for OpenSS
ii  syslog-ng      3.3.5-4      all          Next generation system logging da
ii  syslog-ng-core 3.3.5-4      amd64        Next generation system logging da
ii  syslog-ng-mod- 3.3.5-4      amd64        Next generation system logging da
ii  syslog-ng-mod- 3.3.5-4      amd64        Next generation system logging da
ii  syslog-ng-mod- 3.3.5-4      amd64        Next generation system logging da
ii  sysv-rc        2.88dsf-41+d all          System-V-like runlevel change mec
ii  sysvinit       2.88dsf-41+d amd64        System-V-like init utilities
ii  sysvinit-utils 2.88dsf-41+d amd64        System-V-like utilities
ii  tar            1.26+dfsg-0. amd64        GNU version of the tar archiving 
ii  tasksel        3.14.1       all          Tool for selecting tasks for inst
ii  tasksel-data   3.14.1       all          Official tasks used for installat
ii  tcpd           7.6.q-24     amd64        Wietse Venema's TCP wrapper utili
ii  traceroute     1:2.0.18-3   amd64        Traces the route taken by packets
ii  ttf-dejavu-cor 2.33-3       all          Vera font family derivate with ad
ii  tzdata         2013i-0wheez all          time zone and daylight-saving tim
ii  ucf            3.0025+nmu3  all          Update Configuration File: preser
ii  udev           175-7.2      amd64        /dev/ and hotplug management daem
ii  unzip          6.0-8        amd64        De-archiver for .zip files
ii  update-inetd   4.43         all          inetd configuration file updater
ii  util-linux     2.20.1-5.3   amd64        Miscellaneous system utilities
ii  vim            2:7.3.547-7  amd64        Vi IMproved - enhanced vi editor
ii  vim-common     2:7.3.547-7  amd64        Vi IMproved - Common files
ii  vim-runtime    2:7.3.547-7  all          Vi IMproved - Runtime files
ii  vim-tiny       2:7.3.547-7  amd64        Vi IMproved - enhanced vi editor 
ii  wget           1.13.4-3+deb amd64        retrieves files from the web
ii  whiptail       0.52.14-11.1 amd64        Displays user-friendly dialog box
ii  xml-core       0.13+nmu2    all          XML infrastructure and XML catalo
ii  xz-utils       5.1.1alpha+2 amd64        XZ-format compression utilities
ii  zlib1g:amd64   1:1.2.7.dfsg amd64        compression library - runtime